Cross Curricular Essays (STEAM Project)

For the EOY exam there are two possible essays that you might face here are two examples of essays:

Explanatory (Describe and Justify)

“Describe the principles of physics that you researched for your STEAM project and explain how they relate to your pneumatic crane.”

Download the essay structure in the link below:

Explanatory Essay (Describe & Explain) Outline -10575ue

Now use the lined paper and try to respond to the essay. Please remember to submit your completed essay at the end of the class

Giving Instructions:

“Write a set of instructions on how to build a pneumatic crane that is capable of lifting a bottle of water:. 

Download the essay structure in the link below;

Giving Instructions (STEAM)-1vo3eev

Now use the lined paper and try to respond the essay. Please remember to submit your completed essay at the end of the class

If you need help remembering how you built your crane use the link below:

How to build a pneumatic crane




Describing a bar chart

Today we are going to be learning how to describe a bar chart. Download the power point in the link below so that you can follow along with the lesson:

G9 Unit 9 Bar Chart-1byhtez

Now that we have reviewed through the structure for describing a bar chart we will now try working together and completing a structured exercise. Please download the exercise in the link below:

Bar Graph essay Practice 1 (Gap fill)-wc22uj

Once you have completed the structured practice exercise try working on one of the challenge exercises which have already been printed out for you.

Describing How something works

In today’s lesson, we are going to learn how to describe how something works. It is very important that we learn how to do this as this kind of essay can appear in your end of year exam.

To get you thinking here are some questions to warm you up:

  1. How many objects do you use every day? Which ones?
  2. Which objects are most important to you? Why?
  3. Did you buy these objects or were they given to you? Why?
  4. Which objects would you like to own in the future?

Planning your writing task: 

You can use a description wheel to quickly record different aspects of a topic  before writing

Download the worksheet in the link below:

Describing a wheel-zkg5s4

Essay Structure: 

Now that you have planned out your essay use the suggested structure to write your essay:


Ensure that your introduction covers the following points

What are you describing? What can it do? A thesis statement telling the reader what your essay is going to do.

Body Paragraph 1

In this paragraph make sure that you describe your object. Your description should cover the following points:

  • Colour
  • material
  • shape
  • features
  • weight
  • price
  • size
  • functions

Body Paragraph 2: 

In body paragraph 2 write about the advantages and disadvantage of this item. Remember to include two advantages and two disadvantages.


Use the following sentence to complete your essay

“To sum up we can see that the  ___________________ is a useful object that is able to help people to_____________________.

Writing Task: 

Now that you understand the structure of the essay use your ideas from the planning stage to write an essay describing the object. Use the lined paper provided and submit your completed task at the end of the period.

Challenge Writing Task: 

Using the structures that you have been taught trying this challenge writing task by describing the images below. Remember to use the provided lined paper

Electric Drill:

Pneumatic Crane:

Cross Curricular (Change over Time)

In today’s lesson we are going to look at a different essay prompt that can appear in your SWQ exam. Have a look at the title below:

How has industrialization changed water purity over time? 

What kind of essay is this ?? What kind of structure would you need??

Share your ideas in the Padlet link below:

What kind of essay is this

Pre Writing:

Using the internet try and find information related to the essay prompt: How has industrialization changed water purity over time? Remember that you need to find information related to changes that have taken place and also the causes for these changes.

Share your ideas on the Padlet link below: Water purity

Now share your ideas to the class.

While Writing: 

Use the following structure to help you with this kind of essay


Sentence 1: General information
Sentence 2: Paraphrase Topic
Thesis statement: This essay will outline the changes in _____and highlight the causes for these changes. 

Body 1: Describe the changes

Topic sentence: Many changes have taken place in _________.



Change 1:

·       First, …..

·       Explain

·       Example (For example ….)

Change 2:

·       A second change is that …..

·       Explain

·       Example (For instance ….)

 Body 2: Causes of the change

Topic sentence: There are various/several reasons why ________ has / have changed.



Cause 1

·       The main reason is that …..

·       Explain

·       Example

Cause 2

·       Another important reason for….. is that …

·       Explain

·       Example




To sum up, …. (summarize the changes)

Future: I believe that these changes will (not) continue in the future because ……

Using the structure above write a response to the following question:

How has industrialization changed water purity over time ? 

Remember to write a minimum of 250 words and to post in the padlet link: Change over time essays

Post Writing: 

Use the check list below to assess your own writing

Essay Check List

  • Do you have an introduction
  • Are there three sentences in your introductory paragraph : General statement; your opinion; thesis statement
  • Do you have two body paragraphs
  • Does each body paragraph have a supporting reason and three examples
  • Do you have a conclusion
  • Does your conclusion include a concluding phrase
  • Have you restated your opinion in your conclusion and summarized your reasons
  • Have you used the past tense
  • Have you re-read what you have written to make sure it makes sense
  • Have you used punctuation
  • Do your sentences have full stops and capital letters
  • Are your paragraphs clear

Extra Grammar Exercises 


Cross Curricular Essays (Water Filtration)

In today’s lesson we are going to be looking at the cross curricular essay which will be coming up in the SWQ exam. Here is a sample of the kind essay that you will be having

Describe the process of water purification

What kind of essay is this ? What kind of structure would you be expected to use?

Share your ideas in the Padlet below:

What kind of essay of this?

Pre Writing Task: 

In order for us to understand the task that we have been set we need to do some research about the process of water purification. Watch the video below and take notes while you are watching, once you have finished taking notes use the internet to find more information about the process of water purification. Remember you are focusing on the different step of the process.

Use the notes that you have taken from the video and also from your web-research to share on the Padlet below the process of water purification

How does water purification work

While Writing: 

When describing a process you should be using a template like the one below

Suitable Structure: 

Paragraph 1 (Introduction) 

  • Introduce the diagram
  • Mention the main steps
  • Thesis statement (What are you going to do)

Paragraph 2 (Body) 

  • Describe the process
  • Use Sequence Words
  • Use the Passive tense

Paragraph 3 (Conclusion) 

  • Concluding statement
  • Mention the first and last cycle
  • Use a sentence like this:  To conclude we can see that the water cycle consists of ________ steps starting with ______________________ and ending with___________________

Use the template above to write a suitable description of the water purification process. You can use the picture below and your notes to help you:

Post Writing: 

Use the check list below too review your writing

  1. Do you have three paragraphs?- Introduction / Body / Conclusion
  2. Have you paraphrased the question in your introduction
  3. Do you mention what the diagram shows you in your introduction?
  4. Do you talk about how many steps there are in your introduction?
  5. Do you have a thesis statement (telling the reader what you will do) in your introduction?
  6. Does your body paragraph mention all the main steps?
  7. Does your body paragraph have sequence words?
  8. Are you using the passive tense in your body paragraph?
  9. In your conclusion do you have a concluding phrase (to sum up, to conclude)
  10. End your conclusion with a sentence like this: To conclude we can see that the water cycle consists of ________ steps starting with ______________________ and ending with___________________

Share your essays in the padlet below:


And read them to the class

Extra Grammar Exercise

Passive Tense Grammar Exercise: passive_present_simple-1s85vr2


Making things interest with “where is Wally?”

One of the hardest things I have found about teaching is making things interesting which are traditionally boring. Naturally when teaching something like quantifiers the easiest thing is to explain and then get your students to practice on worksheets. But this time i decided to step away from the norm and use the famous “where is Wally?” pictures to get them to practice using something  that will just spark a bit of interest… And the best thing of all is that I am swapping the class roles and getting them to use their presentation skills to teach me how to use countable and uncountable nouns… Talk about flipped classrooms.

Thought I would just leave you all with all treat of your own (see below)

Describing People you Admire

Lets start by looking at some vocabulary that can be used to describe someone:

Vocabulary Exercises

reliable patient confident clever
selfish calm lazy talented
kind difficult sensible friendly
intelligent honest stupid shy

Divide the adjective into positive adjectives and negative adjectives

Complete the worksheet below:  Language Development Unit 9 (Reading & writing)-1vwhyrv

Critical thinking (Preparation for writing assignment)

Look at the table below copy it into a word processing app like pages or word. Write the names of three people that you admire in each category

Person 1 Person 2 Person 3
Sports Player
Business People

Remember to save the names because you are going to need it for another exercise

Using the padlet like below try to think of reasons why someone would admire somebody:

Pre-Writing Task 

Using one person from the list that you created previously of people you admire use  word or pages to write a list of reasons why you admire that person. Share your ideas with the rest of the class.

Writing Task : 

Write a 150 word essay describing a person that you admire . Giving reason why you admire this person person and what this person has done.. Remember that your essay should include a body and a conclusion.

Please use the provided line paper and submit your essay to me by the end of the period.


Comparing Maps Review

In this review section, we will be looking at a writing task which involves comparing two different maps. The structure that should be used for this kind of essay is as follows:

Describing the Maps Structure


Should consist of 3 three sentences. The first sentence should be a general statement, The second sentence should talk about what you can see and the third statement should tell the reader what you’re going to do


The body paragraph should generally describe the differences between the two maps as well as the positions of different things. Remember that this is only a summary so talk about the main changes. (It should be about 6 sentences long)


Start off your concluding paragraph with a concluding statement (like “To sum up” “To conclude”) then mention the biggest change and how things have changed overall.


Have a look at the maps below what are the major changes that you can see share your ideas in the padlet link:

Using the introduced structure write a suitable description for the two maps remember to ensure that your writing has three paragraphs and that it has a minimum of 150 words.

Once you have finished using the checklist below  review your work:

  1. Does the essay have 3 paragraphs (introduction, body and conclusion)?
  2. Does the essay tell you what the maps show?
  3. Does the essay mention what the major change is?
  4. Does the essay talk about the major changes?


Introducing Comparing Maps

In today’s lesson we are going to introduce the idea of writing essay in order to compare two different maps.


In order to write a good essay, it is important that you have some useful vocabulary. Click on the link below and review the vocabulary that can be used to describe change and position in a map

Describing Position in a map

Describing Change in a map

Vocabulary Based Task:

Using keynote chose ten words from the links above to create a presentation explaining the vocabulary that has been introduced. Make sure each slide in your presentation does the following

  1. The word being looked at
  2. A picture
  3. A definition of the word
  4. A sample sentence

Examining Maps 

Let’s have a look at the maps below:

In groups discuss the following questions:

  1. What has been added to the map?
  2. What has been removed from the map?
  3. What has been replaced on the map?
  4. What has been extended or increased?
  5. What is the biggest change that you can see on the map?

Share your ideas on the following padlet link: Comparing Maps

Structure of Describing Maps 

Look at the following link for describing maps. Focus on the sections that talk about how to compare two maps:

Written Response: 

Using the vocabulary and structure that has been introduced used lined paper to write responses describing the maps shown below: 

Post Writing: 

Once you have finished your essay swap essays with a friend and use the checklist below to review through your friend’s essay

  1. Does the essay have 3 paragraphs (introduction, body and conclusion) ?
  2. Does the essay tell you what the maps show ?
  3. Does the essay mention what the major change is?
  4. Does the essay talk about the major changes?

Please let me know once you have completed your writing task 🙂

Independent Writing Task Challenge: 

Now that you have finished the structured try and describe the map shown below. Remember to use the vocabulary and structure that you have been taught: